Driving licenses are essential documents that grant individuals the legal privilege to operate motor vehicles on public roads. These licenses are not one-size-fits-all; instead, they are categorized to reflect the type of vehicles and driving conditions a driver is qualified to handle. In this article, we explore the various driving license categories and what each entails. How to obtain a Dubai bus driving license, here is guide for beginners.
Classifications of driving license categories:
Driving license categories, also known as endorsements or classifications, differ from country to country. However, they generally fall into the following categories:
A. Car license (Category B): The most common category, a car license, allows individuals to operate regular passenger vehicles with a maximum weight limit. This includes cars, small vans, and lightweight trucks.
B. Motorcycle license (Category A): This endorsement permits the operation of motorcycles, scooters, and mopeds. The category may be further divided into subcategories for different engine sizes or motorcycle types.
C. Commercial license (Category C): Commercial driving licenses are for individuals who operate larger vehicles, such as trucks and buses. Subcategories within this category may specify the type and size of commercial vehicle one is qualified to drive.
D. Heavy goods vehicle (HGV) license (Category C+E): This is a specialized commercial license that allows drivers to operate heavy goods vehicles and their trailers, typically with a combined weight exceeding 3.5 tons.
E. Passenger carrying vehicle (PCV) license (Category D): This endorsement is for those who intend to drive buses and other passenger-carrying vehicles. Subcategories may specify vehicle size and passenger capacity.
Acquiring additional endorsements:
In many countries, drivers can add endorsements to their existing licenses to expand their driving capabilities. These endorsements usually involve additional training, testing, and sometimes age or experience requirements. Some common endorsements include:
A. Trailer (Category E): This allows the operation of larger trailers and caravans attached to a car license.
B. Minibus (Category D1 and D1+E): These endorsements are for driving minibusses, with D1 covering vehicles carrying 9-16 passengers and D1+E for minibusses towing trailers.
C. Motorcycle subcategories: These endorsements specify the type of motorcycle one is qualified to operate based on engine size, such as A1, A2, and A for motorcycles of increasing power.
D. Hazardous materials (HazMat) (Category H): Required for those transporting dangerous goods, such as chemicals or explosives.